robotic pure-tissue, Kang repair, long-term mesh studies, exercising w/hernia

Hernia Discussion Forums Hernia Discussion robotic pure-tissue, Kang repair, long-term mesh studies, exercising w/hernia

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    • #28383

      Hi all,

      I have been combing this site for the past few days, and finally decided to create an account and ask some specific questions.

      I’m in my mid 40s, 6’1″ and 195 lbs., about 10-15 lbs. overweight for my frame size. I have a right-side inguinal hernia. It is the first hernia I have had. It was diagnosed in December 2020. I first noticed it in July 2020 after doing some heavy lifting while working on my house (normally I don’t do heavy lifting, neither for work nor in the gym).

      A bump is visible, but not too pronounced, and it is not extremely painful. It bothers me a bit when walking or biking, and sometimes I push it back in during those activities. The bulge only appears when I’m standing and disappears when I lie down. I do not know whether it is direct or indirect.

      I am in the NYC metro area, but willing to travel wherever is necessary for a great surgeon. I recently had a consultation with a very reputable hernia surgeon in the city, who specializes in laparoscopic mesh repair using 3D Max polypropylene mesh.

      Before scheduling surgery, I decided to do a bit of research and learned about some of the potential issues with mesh, and I read about a number of pure-tissue repairs, such as Shouldice and Desarda.

      Now that I know a bit more, I feel like the optimal repair method, if it exists, would meet the following criteria:

      1. Does not use mesh.
      2. Results in a low rate of recurrence.
      3. Is not destructive to uninjured tissues (for example, I am a little concerned about the removal of the cremaster muscle in the Shouldice repair).
      4. Does not involve general anesthesia.

      From what I have read so far, Dr. Kang’s method seems to meet these criteria, but I understand that he is in the early stages of validating long-term outcomes of his repair and that the repair technique itself is not yet published.

      My specific questions:

      1. I am still open to mesh if I can get a handle on the rate of long-term mesh-related complications (adhesions, chronic pain, systemic reaction, etc.), in the range of 20+ years. I’m relatively young, so the mesh would have to last 30+ years without issue. Are there any doctors on this forum who can point me to studies on the rates of long-term complication, of all kinds, for various forms of plastic mesh?
      2. I have read on this forum several positive experiences with Dr. Kang. It would be great to hear status updates from any former patients who have already posted, or from anyone who has had a Kang repair but has not yet posted.
      3. Specifically for Dr. Towfigh: I understand that you have pioneered a method of doing pure-tissue robotic hernia repair ( Is this available to all of your patients at this time, or are there certain conditions (health, weight, size/type of hernia, etc.)?
      4. Finally, my hernia coincided with efforts to lose a bit of weight. Are there any recommended exercises I can do, prior to surgery, that will not exacerbate my hernia?

      Thanks in advance!

    • #28384
      Good intentions

      Here is a link to Dr. Kang’s hospital. There are testimonials and maybe more of the information that you’re looking for.

      You have probably read about Peter C’s bad result from Dr. Brown’s attempt to fix his problems from prior surgeries. But you might also read dog’s account, and others, of Dr. Brown’s hernia repair results. He seems to know how to repair a hernia.

      The one thing that you should consider is that if a pure tissue repair fails, you can get essentially the same results from a mesh repair afterward. No matter the method, the surgeon will just lay down a piece of mesh that covers all possible future hernia sites, including recurrences from pure tissue repairs.

      But if you have mesh problems you can never go back to a pure tissue repair.

      Your hernia sounds like my direct hernia in the early stages. Direct hernias form what looks like a small pyramid, that disappears when you lie down. Indirect hernias work their way down to the scrotum through the inguinal canal. I was very physically active, going to the gym, playing soccer, running, and working around the house. I tried to learn to live with it but playing soccer made it bigger. If I was starting over with what I know now, from my personal experience, I would get it fixed via a pure tissue repair, as soon as possible. I almost did that for mine but a surgeon friend convinced me that I would be okay with a laparoscopic mesh repair.

      Don’t try to work out or lose weight, beyond changing your diet and doing more walking or light running or biking. Avoid any exertion that causes you to hold your breath to generate power. Avoid twisting and lifting at the same time also, that seems to cause abdominal pressure and uneven load on the abdominal wall.

      I would let Dr. Brown repair mine, if I was starting over. Or Dr. Kang, if we weren’t in the middle of this mess.

      Good luck.

      • #28387

        Thanks for the response, Good intentions.

        Since I posed my initial questions, I found some information that runs counter to my intuition about exercise. Here, Drs. Towfigh and Jacob claim that almost any exercise is OK, but that coughing and straining are most problematic:

        Another question that occured to me: with mesh, infection and undesireable foreign body response are two worries; I wonder if there is are similar worries about tissue-only repair with permanent Prolene sutures?

    • #28392

      “But if you have mesh problems you can never go back to a pure tissue repair.”

      I would add that in fact it’s my understanding it would be possible to get a pure tissue repair after mesh if the mesh was placed and removed robotically. Both Belyansky and Procter advised me that an open tissue repair would be feasible if mesh was placed and removed robotically because the tissue in the front would be undisturbed.

    • #28393
      Good intentions

      The damage that the mesh does can never be undone. The tissue that is left behind when the mesh is tediously peeled back out is not the virgin tissue that was there before the mesh was implanted. There is a new layer of “scar” tissue, thicker and stiffer than what was there before. That was my point.

    • #28394

      Understood. But from a surgical perspective there’s a difference between the anterior and posterior surgical realms of course, and these two surgeons suggested in fact that surgery via open method after robotic mesh placement and removal would still be working with virgin tissue. I always forget which is anterior and which is posterior. So yes, the area behind the muscle wall and that general vicinity will be changed after mesh placement and removal, but the other side of the muscle should still itself be so-called virgin tissue.

      • This reply was modified 1 year, 11 months ago by ajm222.
    • #28395

      Perhaps in reality, the area behind the muscle wall after removal is so damaged that it impacts sensation and feeling and function on the other side. I could see that. But they suggested the tissue itself would be undisturbed. I was also interested to hear Dr. Towfigh suggest that very little actual tissue is removed during removal surgery – the amount was fairly negligible.

    • #28397
      Thunder Rose

      Regarding exercise: I had a large direct inguinal hernia for more than 5 years of watchful waiting. Most exercise was indeed fine: running, x-country skiing, swimming, downhill skiing, dancing, road biking and stationary biking, figure skating, and hiking.

      Mine finally worsened last summer and I do think it was in part due to a change in exercise as well as having waited so long. HIIT (esp. squats and lunges) is not recommended. I also started doing longer trail runs (7 miles+ with lots of hills) and single-track mountain biking with lots of hills.

      So yes my experience is that most forms of exercise are fine.

      Regarding the cremaster muscle, it wasn’t relevant to my anatomy, but my understanding is that Yunis works around it but Brown prefers to “shave” it. Shouldice it’s optional to take it but Sbayi always takes it. Kang and Muschaweck don’t take it.

      I’m very happy with my Shouldice repair from Yunis. I wouldn’t go to Brown because I wouldn’t want a Desarada repair on top of my Shouldice repair. The Desarda repair is destructive of non-injured tissues in order to create the flap of External Oblique Aponeurosis to use as a patch.

      Anterior is toward the front of your body, posterior is toward the back. The posterior-placed mesh (laparoscopic or robotic) is much larger than the mesh used in the anterior repair, and typically covers the direct, indirect, and femoral spaces. It’s also usually a contoured mesh and the procedures are less studied than anterior-placed mesh. Anterior mesh is in the inguinal canal, so it’s in the same space as the spermatic cord and the ilioinguinal and genital branch nerves. I’d choose Nyhus if I were to have mesh– posterior-placed mesh from an open, anterior repair — as it’s a smaller mesh with the benefits of being in the posterior space.

      • This reply was modified 1 year, 11 months ago by Thunder Rose. Reason: tiny typos
      • #28399

        Thunder Rose – thank you, this is extremely helpful! I read a few posts on the site about your positive experience with Dr. Yunis. I did not know that he avoided resection of the cremaster. I think I will reach out to him for more information.

        I have read comments from doctors who say that Shouldice repair is not as “tight” without the removal of the cremaster. Googling around for more information led me to a study,, that shows an increase in the rate of hernia recurrence for Shouldice repairs where the cremaster is left intact. The difference is significant, but still not terrible: between 1 and 2 years out from surgery, it looks like the recurrence rate is about 2.6% for repairs that leave the cremaster intact and less than 1% for repairs that involve excision of the cremaster.

        Nyhus sounds promising as well. I have not read anything about that technique yet. In your research, did you encounter any doctors with a lot of experience performing the Nyhus repair?

        One other question: in one of your posts, you mentioned that you wanted prolene sutures instead of stainless steel. What was your reasoning for this? Are the prolene sutures more comfortable?

    • #28400
      Thunder Rose

      The article you linked to cites 4 recurrences vs. 1 recurrence: that isn’t a lot of data. Have you found any similar studies? I’m swayed by the research showing that the recurrence rates for the Shouldice repair are correlated with a surgeon’s experience with the repair, so I’m inclined to trust Yunis if he says he can do a strong repair without resecting the cremaster.

      I believe Dr. Reinhorn in Massachusetts prefers doing Nyhus repairs. He wasn’t taking out-of-state patients last summer but perhaps that’s changed. Towfigh and Yunis both perform Nyhus repairs but I don’t know their algorithm for who gets one.

      My reason for not wanting stainless steel was concern over it breaking. I’ve worked with 32 gauge stainless steel doing beading projects with my kids so I know from personal experience with the material how easily it snaps and breaks apart. I benefitted from another patient sharing their notes on a large number of surgeons (that’s how I have data on the cremaster) and he had notes about Muschaweck preferring Prolene. I liked that Towfigh and Yunis both use Prolene and that it is known for ease of removal if there were a need to do so. I didn’t want Polybutester (used by Grischkan) as it’s polyester and hence more inflammation-inducing. The YouTube videos of Drs. Sue and Peter Jones doing Shouldice repairs use Prolene (you can see the color is blue on the periphery of the view although it looks more purple where it’s over flesh) and we were impressed with their technique.

    • #28402

      The study had something like 390 participants, so yeah, not so many people. I agree that these things don’t often control for surgical expertise.

      Thanks for the list of doctors — looks like I should reach out to Drs. Reinhorn and Towfigh as well. I scheduled a telemedicine appointment with Dr. Yunis, so now preparing questions to ask.

    • #28513

      I too live in the NYC area which is chock full of surgeons. For non-mesh surgery however, I ended up going to Dr. Grischkan in Ohio. My hernia was massive, but Dr. Grischkan repaired it with no mesh. It’s been 3 weeks and the healing was rough at first, but I’m over the worst of it. So far so good. I am more than impressed with this surgeon’s skill, experience (24k hernia operations) and commitment to not using mesh whenever possible. PS. He doesn’t take insurance, and he ain’t cheap, but NOT having a sheet of plastic in me for the rest of my life is priceless.

    • #28516

      I also think that exercising with an hernia is mostly ok, and in fact I would argue it should be recommended! Movement will keep the body healthy in general and prevent other problems…
      There are many (among doctors) who claim exercising will make an hernia worse, I wouldn’t be surprised if it was in fact the opposite….at the very least it could get worse whether you exercise or not, so you might as well do it:) (and for some sports/physical activity is a fundamental part of their identity, me included)

    • #28528

      @James, did you have a Shouldice repair? I am currently leaning toward Dr. Yunis because he does a modified Shouldice that doesn’t involve removal of the cremaster muscle. From Dr. Grischkan’s website it looks like he also has modified the standard procedure. Does you know if he removed the cremaster?

      , I lost a few pounds in anticipation of surgery, and now my hernia doesn’t bother me at all when exercising. Admittedly, it was not large to begin with.

    • #28529

      I am unfamiliar with the muscle you mentioned, but Dr Grischkan made no mention of removing any muscle. He also said he does not cut any nerves as some like Sbayi do (to my knowledge). His surgical report made no mention of removing any muscle as well. He’s a low key and very impressive guy passionate about not using mesh. He has done 24k operations and has an impressive facility. If it’s worth it to you to go to Ohio, I’d get a consult.

    • #28746

      Hey all, I opted to go with a modified Shouldice with Dr. Yunis. Surgery is in a couple of weeks. I’ll try to post a follow-up after.

    • #28749

      Great discussion, everyone.

      With regard to the rIPT (robotic iliopubic tract) repair, I only recommend it for normal weight (BMI) patients with small inguinal hernias.

    • #28963

      Hello, everyone!
      It has been a while.

      Hernia mesh complication is already widely known, and hernia surgeons have acknowledged it. In order to solve this problem, new meshes such as absorbable mesh are being developed. However, I think the surest way to solve mesh complications is not to use meshes.

      The problem is that there are different opinions among doctors about non-mesh inguinal hernia repair. However, the issues raised about non-mesh repair, unfortunately, often appear to be opinions of doctors who have little experience with non-mesh repair.
      I had 15 years experience in mesh inguinal hernia repair.
      Then I began to think more and more seriously about the complication of hernia mesh. and have devised and implemented a new non-mesh repair method from about 9 years ago. To date, more than 10,000 cases of non-mesh inguinal hernia repair have been accumulated. Based on that experience, I would like to tell you some facts below.
      1. Many doctors say that non-mesh repair can only be applied to healthy, young people with small hernias.
      However, I have performed over 10,000 inguinal hernia repairs over the past 9 years, all with the non-mesh technique, with no exception. Among them, there were hernias that recurred more than five or six times before, others over 100 years old, patients with severe ascites or receiving oxygen 24 hours a day for COPD, etc. There were also professional body builders, martial arts players, professional track and field players, singers and saxophonists. In the past 9 years, I have never refused surgery because of the patient’s medical condition or the like.
      Nevertheless, the self-investigation has shown a recurrence rate of less than 1%.
      Although we did not provide accurate statistics, the postoperative pain was extremely low.
      Based on this experience, I can make the following conclusions.
      Non-mesh inguinal hernia repair can be successfully performed in all hernia patients without exception.

      2. In the same context of the above, most doctors say that you should choose a surgical method according to the patient’s condition. In other words, depending on the person, mesh repair must be performed, or the optimal surgical method must be selected and performed from among several non-mesh repair methods depending on the patient’s condition.
      However, I disagree with the above statement from my past experience. All patients, regardless of their condition, can achieve successful results even if they perform the same procedure. The method used at this time should, of course, be a good surgical method. In fact, there is only one patient condition that must be considered in order to perform the optimal surgical method. It is whether the inguinal hernia is an indirect type or a direct type, and different surgical methods must be performed accordingly.
      However, most surgeons currently perform the same operation without considering these subtypes. In other words, it’s like making a glove in one shape and putting it on your left and right hands.
      This type of surgery results in the following results.
      – It is difficult to perform the best surgery for each subtype.
      – The operation is performed in a wider range than necessary.

      3. Through this experience, there are things that I disagree with other doctors.
      Most doctors point to tension as the main cause of hernia recurrence. That is why tensionless mesh hernia repair emerged. However, as we all know, mesh hernia repair also has a significant recurrence rate.
      What I believe from personal experience is that the cause of hernia recurrence is due to the inability to perform optimal surgery and technical errors according to the subtype of inguinal hernia.
      If my judgment on the cause of the hernia recurrence is correct, there would be no place for the mesh in inguinal hernia repair.
      Thank you!

    • #28964

      @drkang Thank you for your post. It would be great if your data could reach as many doctors so that your method/procedure would be available in other countries too.

      I wanted to ask you an unrelated question. Many doctors say that in the old days when treating hernias without a mesh the patients often had to stay in bed for several days, which led to other complications. They also argue that the pain level was severe, and that many weeks (5 or more) had to pass before the patient could go back to work or start again with any physical activity.
      These days however it seems non mesh pure tissue repair is performed in day hospital (or max one night in hospital): of the two one, either what the doctors are saying of the “old days” is not accurate, or the surgical procedures/ anesthesiology in the last 20/30 years have improved so much that today’s pure tissue repair is anyway very different from what it was like before? But I was also under the impression that the Shouldice clinic has not changed much in the way they do things (they have been doing it since the 1940s?), so I am really confused by the statements above that I have read from many doctors…

      Thanks again!

    • #28967

      Hi all,

      Thank you Dr. Kang for weighing in.

      Here’s a report on the outcome of my surgery (inguinal, right side only), in case any are interested.

      The day before surgery, Dr. Yunis went over several options with me. We decided that in the case of a direct hernia, he would perform a modified Shouldice procedure in which the cremaster muscle and genitofemoral nerve would be left intact, and Prolene sutures would be used instead of stainless steel. If the case of an indirect hernia, he would avoid division of healthy transversalis fascia. As it turned out, I had both a direct and an indirect, so the former procedure was performed.

      Although I hadn’t planned to have general anesthesia, I ended up opting for it after talking to the anesthesiologist.

      Recovery followed what I understand to be the normal pattern. Pain was not bad the day after surgery, and I stopped taking pain meds that day. The next day (day 3) I had to resume pain meds (ibuprofen and acetaminophen). Pain was the worst on days 3 and 4, but manageable as long as I moved slowly when changing between standing, sitting and lying down (think Feldenkrais speed). I found that standing up and touching my toes alleviated pain. Around day 5, swelling and bruising of the genital area began, and lasted for several days.

      I am now almost 4 weeks out from surgery, and there is no pain, bruising, or swelling beyond a small, hard ridge that is diminishing under the incision.

      My only issue is that have a bit of lower back pain, probably because I have not been doing my usual workout and have been sitting and lying down a lot. I go back to the gym today, and will report back on how that goes.

      One bit of advice: if you have to fly anywhere for open hernia surgery, schedule your return flight for the morning after surgery, or stay in town for at least a week. Pain apparently can peak anywhere from day 3 to 5, and I ended up flying at my peak.

      Overall, I think the surgery went extremely well, and based on my experience I’d recommend Dr. Yunis to anyone seeking a non-mesh procedure.

      • #29010
        Thunder Rose

        Hey AJ9000! I’ve been reflecting that my surgery with Dr. Yunis and recovery were particularly easy because we live at over 7000 ft. in Wyoming, so sea-level in Sarasota was akin to a hyperbaric chamber. It’s good to hear you also had a good experience (most likely without that elevation benefit)!

        We flew home on day 6. I kept up with the highest recommended dose of Tylenol and ibuprofen for the first week or so to prevent pain escalation.

        I hope your return to the gym goes well!

    • #28988


      Thank you for your good question.
      Even under the name of non-mesh inguinal hernia repair, I think there are a wide variety of surgical methods.
      I know that non-mesh hernia repairs performed in the past were in many cases modified Bassini repairs. We know that the Shouldice technique is also one of modified Bassini repair. That’s why some doctors call it Shouldice-Bassini repair.
      As you said, the Shouldice technique started in the 1940s, and I know that it hasn’t changed much since then. Nevertheless, it is true that these days, the period of hospitalization for surgery has been shortened and the time to return to normal life has accelerated even after the Shouldice repair.

      First of all, I think the reasons for the shorter hospitalization period and faster return to normal everyday life are as follows even though there are no major changes in the surgical method.

      The first reason, I think, is that there is no change in the big frame, but improvements were made in a less invasive way in detail, as doctors’ experience accumulates and surgical techniques generally improve
      Second, I think it is because the routine recommended to patients has changed in the first place, as doctors have learned from experience that there is no need to hospitalize the patient or to restrict normal activities for such a long period of time after surgery.

      Third, I think, it is because the devices that actually manage pain and pain medication have developed.

      As another category, the surgical methods performed by some non-mesh surgeons these days are much more simplified than the modified Bassini repair that was mainstream in the past, so I think these changes cause less postoperative pain and faster recovery than in the past.
      In the case of Kang repair, we reduced the scope of surgery by performing different methods of surgery for the indirect type and the direct type. It is obvious that the smaller the surgical range, the less pain and faster recovery. Most people who underwent reoperation or other side hernia surgery in my hospital said that our surgery method was less painful than the mesh repair they had before.

    • #29011

      aj9000 & Thunder Rose, thanks for sharing about Dr. Yunis. I wonder if you had the two layer Shouldice and what is the length of your incision. Hope you both are still doing well. I have been nursing a smaller right side inguinal hernia for seven years, but it has gotten larger this last month. I love Dr. Kang’s prescriptive approach of repairing specifically only what is needed, but Korea is a long haul from North Florida, especially during a pandemic.

      • #29012
        Thunder Rose

        Hey Dave, my repair is 4 lines of Prolene on the posterior wall (formed by 2 running sutures), what’s commonly referred to as a 4-layer Shouldice. I wanted the 4-layer repair to reduce likelihood of recurrence. The incision length was roughly 6 cm (just under 2.5 inches). I think I was told it would be 3.5 inches so it was shorter than I expected. Good luck!

    • #29016

      Thunder Rose, thanks for prompt reply. Like you, I have been doing regular exercise while waiting on the hernia. Also, I have done a ton of research and some contact with various hernia surgeons. I respect your technical comments on the inguinal anatomy. Very busy area of the body. Other than Grischkan in OH, I think only Brown in CA and Yunis in FL perform the two layer Shouldice. Your preference for the four layer Shouldice with prolene sutures is interesting. My concern with the four layer is the extra amount of suturing placed in my body. I have to weigh my desire to keep extra foreign matter out of my body versus a lesser recurrence rate of the four layer. Grischkan is quite enthusiastic about his two layer using a very small incision. So, I kind of feel the two layer may be optimal for me. Your thoughts?

      In contacting the venerable Dr. Kang, I learned that he emphasizes that he only uses about HALF the suture material of other no mesh repairs. That is all part of his desire to minimalize the total surgical field to the least area disturbed. Less area affected means less time needed for recovery usually. Plus, he uses 1.5 inch incision vice Yunis four layer about 3 inches. Big problem is he is in Korea.

      I admire your choice of Yunis versus all the other surgeons you contacted. Your high technical level of inguinal hernia knowledge may have surprised a few of those surgeons. I sincerely hope your surgery is totally successful.

      • #29019
        Thunder Rose

        I don’t think Brown, Yunis, Grischkan, and Kang are the only surgeons offering 2-layer Shouldice. I do think many are calling it Bassini.

        I strongly considered Grischkan but ultimately did not feel comfortable with his use of polyester suture material. Similarly Brown uses highly inflammatory silk sutures. I was more concerned about choice of suture material rather than the volume of material.

        For me the healing at the subcuticular wound closure was much more bothersome than the internal suturing, where I have never noticed any significant change of sensation. I would rather have a one-and-done surgery than endure another surgical wound.

        I can see how that’s an argument for the smaller incision offered by Kang. But I don’t think it’s a straight up smaller-is-better metric — a too short incision could result in increased bruising/internal bleeding, i.e. more trauma at the surgical site. I feel confident that Yunis is doing the smallest incision that reasonably balances those negative effects. Since my incision was only 6 cm, I do think he’s to some extent adjusting incision length to body type.

        I’m just over 6 months since surgery now and still very happy with my repair.

      • #29023

        Hi Dave, I had the same as Thunder Rose – 4-layer Shouldice. Same motivation: to prevent recurrence. My incision looks like it is about 3 inches, but even at only 1 month out it is hardly noticeable.

        If your main goal is to minimize foreign material in your body, there is a hybrid mesh product, Ovitex, that I read about here:

        It might end up being less material than is used for suturing only in some cases. I considered Ovitex briefly, but there was not enough historical data for me. Either way, you are going to have some stuff in your body – sutures or a plastic mesh – unless you get a biologic mesh, which I understand does not work so well.

    • #29024

      Hey AJ, thanks for the reply. Yes, I realize some foreign matter will be used to repair my hernia, but I try to keep such material to a minimum. I checked out Ovitex, which is a mix of biologic and synthetic, but the synthetic part remains in the body. Also, the actual hernia sac is not processed the best way I believe as is true in many mesh repairs. Leading an active life, I have avoided the installation of a screw in part of my femur, a screw and wire in my shoulder, and had a plate removed after it was needed to heel a fracture of my wrist. My body has done a very good job of healing these problems without the hardware. My healthy lifestyle and supplements have helped a lot. Some suturing is a minor concern compared to this hardware I have avoided. The tough part, when a seeming 99% of current hernia surgeons only do mesh, is finding the best no mesh doctor and procedure. I know people who have suffered from having mesh and other hardware placed in their bodies. I wish you the very best with your recovery.

      There are probably other hernia surgeons doing the two layer Shouldice, but those three I mentioned are the only ones I confirmed with and felt comfortable with the number of such surgeries they have done. Perhaps, some other people can add to this short list. That is the power of Herniatalk in that the research of many is always vastly more comprehensive than the individual. Dr. Kang does not offer a two layer Shouldice, but he does his own unique repair (seems like some version of Bassini lite to me) using just the Hesselbach triangle for the direct. I have asked him to establish a USA Kang Repair base similar to what Desarda did in Fort Myers, FL. It would be great if he was able to do so with Dr. Yunis in Sarasota, FL. Neighboring cities competing for patients would be quite interesting and offer a very welcome other choice for us no mesh believers. I believe if Kang Repair is to become the “new norm,” then he must spread his technique outside Korea. I think he is waiting on the stats to further verify his very low recurrence rate of less than 1/2% treating all types of patients (and not cherry picking them). Perhaps, Dog can use his influence once again as he did with the Desarda method.

      • #29034
        Thunder Rose

        What is it that makes you think Kang Repair is so worthy of replication? I see him as having hired excellent marketers, but I don’t see that to be correlated with being a great surgeon. There are other surgeons offering a tailored approach (Towfigh, Yunis, Muschaweck, Wiese). I see Kang and Muschaweck both obfuscating the details of their two-layer repairs while using their branding to sell their procedures as unique, when they’re in fact not functionally different from the other two-layer Shouldice and Bassini repairs being offered by various surgeons through the E.U., U.K, and U.S. — surgeons with strong enough word-of-mouth followings that they don’t need to invest in expensive marketing strategies.

    • #29036
      Good intentions

      A 1/2% recurrence rate seems worthy of replication.

      Also, I don’t think that Dr. Kang has fully described his methods. There are two, apparently. So a person can’t really determine that it’s like any other method unless they know what his is. He’s either obfuscating or he has disclosed. Sorry, but I see a contradiction there.

      If you read through Dr. Kang’s post from the beginning, not just the last week or two, you can get a good idea of what his goals are. I don’t think that he’s trying to become famous. I think that he just wants people to know about successful alternatives to mesh. Not many people have the ability and/or time to research and understand the variety of non-mesh possibilities like you did. Plus he’s competing against very very powerful marketing of mesh products from the mesh makers.

      Here’s the Gibbeum web site link, if anyone wants to see the marketing.

      • #29037
        Thunder Rose

        Yes he offers two methods: a Marcy repair for indirect and a 2-layer Shouldice for direct. But he calls it a Kang repair and claims it’s different? If you look into what he’s suturing I don’t see any significant difference except for some very cute comic strips.

    • #29041
      Thunder Rose

      Also: there’s plenty of research showing that highly experienced hernia surgeons can achieve low recurrence rates with tissue repairs.

    • #29042
      Thunder Rose

      I apologize– I don’t mean to denigrate Kang and I don’t fully understand his method(s). I do find it frustrating that someone would pass up highly skilled surgeons in the US and be so dismissive of their techniques simply because Kang is touting a repair that is supposedly so superior. Comparing the Sue and Peter Jones 2-layer Shouldice on YouTube to the old school 4-layer Shouldice video on YouTube from BioHernia, my view is that the 4-layer Shouldice takes more time and more skill. I feel better about having the 4-layer, but to each his/her own.

    • #29043

      Thunder Rose, you need to read the web site describing exactly who Dr. Kang is and what he has done. And yes, that web site is so smooth and effective you would think marketing was involved, but Dr. Kang has spent some time in Great Britain where he honed his English skills. I have also had some personal communication with him through his chaplain Stephen where I got a little better idea who he is. I guesstimate that he has done about 12,000 Kang repairs going back to beginning use of the repair in 2012. He has his own hospital just for mainly hernia repair in Korea. Reports from his patients, which have all been positive, state that he is doing about 6 repairs per surgical day. He spent many years experimenting with even mesh before choosing his current no mesh method because it better favored his patients’ well being. To the best of my knowledge, he has not SOLD his procedure to anyone yet. I too am frustrated by not having a video and more specific details of his repair, but he seems focused on making sure the longer term recurrence rates stay quite low at 1/2%. On the very rare occasion he has a recurrence, he performs the surgery free of charge. He will also on occasion donate his services to those in extreme need. His direct repair only affects a 4cm X 4cm area of surgical space. His incision is a tiny 1.5 inches BECAUSE he has highly competent ultra sound techs who can determine direct or indirect BEFORE he cuts, and he completes the surgery in a remarkable 20 minutes. I heard a price of about $3000 for his repair, but that may have changed. He has dedicated his life to finding a less harmful and more efficient way to perform inguinal surgery. However, he shares the same problem as Dr. Desarda in establishing his surgery in the USA in that our surgeons work in a very expensive business in a country where the prices of everything are exploding. However, we are lucky to have a few excellent surgeons who are willing to offer no mesh procedures. You seem to have found one in Dr. Yunis.

      Good Intentions, I have appreciated your contributions. In reading what I have wrote, I actually seem like Dr. Kang’s PR department, but I agree with you that he does NOT seem to seek personal fame. He certainly does not need a PR department since his enormous successful body of excellent refined work speaks for itself. He just wants to help hernia patients get well as efficiently and effectively as possible. I admire his pioneer spirit and all he has accomplished.

      • #29046
        Thunder Rose

        I read Kang’s website in depth last summer. I am not swayed. Science requires replication and independent verification. Have you taken the time to watch videos of these surgeries? If you have the stomach for it I highly recommend it.

    • #29047

      I think in general it is crucial that any new method be published and discussed with peers, as it is the only Scientific way. This has also another big advantage: any new valid methodology can then be picked up by other doctors and offered in other places; remember, the number of hernia cases is in the hundreds of thousands if not millions worldwide eery year! I think the Shouldice clinic also often has surgeons visiting the center to learn the technique (if I am not mistaken) which makes sense to me…One surgeon can help many patients, but one surgeon’s procedure can help 100 times more…

      On the Scientific method, I find it appalling how new mesh implants are funnelled into the market without any real long term testing, just because they are “similar” to already existing products…

    • #29075

      Thanks for the multiple comments on Kang repair.

      As an executive running a hospital, it is natural for me to be interested in marketing. However, my greater interest is to inform many people that there is a non-mesh inguinal hernia repair that is better than mesh repair.
      You already know that many people suffer from chronic pain after mesh repair. Many of the discussions in this Herniatalk are also related to mesh complications.

      I know that many of you are dissatisfied with that Kang repair has not yet been published in the journal.
      However, it takes a long time for a new surgical method to be completed.
      To take examples, Desarda repair was published in The European Journal of Surgery in 2001, nearly 20 years after the first surgery began, and Lichtenstein repair was also published in The American Journal of Surgery in 1987 after more than 20 years of experience in his private clinic. And Shouldice repair, which is currently recognized as a representative non-mesh inguinal hernia repair, was first published in 1969, four years after Dr Shouldice’s death. For reference, Dr Shouldice in 1945 wrote his surgical method in Ont. Med. Rev., but it differs from the current Shouldice repair in many ways.

      As such, it takes a long period before a new surgical method is released. The reason is that no matter what idea you start developing a surgical method, the final surgical method that can be shared with other doctors can be completed only through numerous trial and error and feedback processes.
      As such, more verification time is still required before Kang repair, which has been only 9 years old, is released.

      Nevertheless, the reason why I introduced Kang repair to Herniatalk and others is because I have a desperate feeling that I can no longer neglect the current situation. As many predict, if the situation persists, it is likely that you will rarely find doctors performing non-mesh repairs soon or later. Mesh inguinal hernia repair has been started for more than 30 years. As a result, most doctors who actively perform hernia repair at present have neither learned nor experienced non-mesh repair. Moreover, few training hospitals teach non-mesh inguinal hernia repair these days.
      Sometimes, we are still discussing on which is better between mesh repair and non-mesh repair, but if there is no change in the current situation, it is clear that our discussions will move on to the topics such as ‘What is the best way to reduce mesh complication?’ or, “How do I treat mesh complications?”. In fact, these latter discussions are already dominant in the forum.
      However, given the obvious fact that mesh complications exist and the best way to solve them is not to use meshes, the advent of an era in which everyone is forced to undergo mesh repair will be unfortunate for hernia patients.

      This situation will be heartbreaking for me as an active advocate of non-mesh inguinal hernia repair. The reason why I introduce Kang repair’s experience, which has not yet been publicly published in thesis, is because of the urgency to prevent this from happening.

      In the current situation, it is unlikely that doctors will voluntarily learn and perform non-mesh hernia repair which is unfamiliar to them after giving up familiar mesh repair. If so, the only way to reverse this situation is for many hernia patients to ask their doctors for non-mesh repair more actively. To do so, patients must first be confident that non-mesh repair could be better than mesh repair. In order to give this conviction to hernia patients, I am sharing the excellence of non-mesh inguinal hernia repair, which has been confirmed through many surgical experiences.

      I will also explain why we named Kang repair for our surgical method. Very subtle differences in inguinal hernia surgery can lead to very large differences in outcome. Therefore, I think it is not advisable to add the word ‘modified’ to certain existing surgical methods. Even small differences in surgical methods can have a great influence on the surgical outcome. Therefore, I don’t think it helps to choose and develop a good surgical method for several different modified surgeries to share the same name. Therefore, even if there is a small difference, I thought it would be desirable to give a unique name and compare each other, so I bravely attached the name Kang repair to our surgery method.

      Specifically, Kang repair for indirect hernia has the same idea of repairing the deep inguinal ring with Marcy repair, but the specific surgical method is completely different. Kang repair for direct hernia is actually closer to the original Bassini repair rather than the Shouldice repair. The difference is that ① does not incise transversalis fascia, ② does not cut inferior epigastric vessels, ③ does continuous suture instead of interrupted button suture, and ④ does not apply releasing incision to rectus muscle fascia. And unlike Shouldice repair, we preserve the cremaster muscle without cutting it. The operation time is about 15 minutes for indirect and 20 minutes for direct. For skin wound, the average indirect is 3-3.5cm and the direct is 4-4.5cm.
      Thank you!

    • #29076

      @drkang Thanks for your answer, which I think touched on all the points/questions that were raised, and in a very precise manner!

    • #29077

      Dr. Kang, thanks for your various clarifications. I do feel that your mentioned mesh hernia surgery becoming even more entrenched has become a reality here since none of the surgeons I have contacted locally will agree to do no mesh surgery. I think they have been trained to do mesh AND there is a greater profit margin in mesh surgery. I do totally understand this because our medical service industry is one of the most expensive in the world. I was amazed at the vastly lower prices I saw for surgical procedures in Korea versus the USA. Further, given the unpublished and unshared exact nature of your Kang repair, it is understandable why our surgeons are reluctant to offer it

      Your knowledge of the historical evolution of hernia surgery is amazing. It seems like the journey of someone who is looking for the ultimate best ways to perform hernia surgery today, especially in light of some tragic painful mesh surgeries. I sincerely hope your journey’s end will result in the most beneficial surgical procedures for all hernia patients. My journey as a hernia patient is made difficult by an Internet that decades ago was actually mostly informative, but now it is mostly commercially geared for marketing and sales. The problem with this is the most helpful truth becomes hard to determine. Herniatalk helps greatly in truth discovery. And your contributions are always appreciated.

    • #29532

      I would say that Dr. Kang also has access to more advanced medical equipment than typical American Surgeons at a regular US Surgical Clinic vs Gibbeum, a Hospital dedicated to hernias. At least, that is what I got from watching the videos at that website. Correct me if I am wrong, but I remember him being able glue certain incisions vs suturing them, and look thru a machine to be better able to see what the surgeon was doing during surgery.

      I hope Dr. Kang will eventually share and train some US, Canadian and European doctors on his technique someday when the Covid Restrictions come completely off. I believe there are quite a number of things, these other doctors could learn that would make their approaches better, even if they stick with their same tried & true methods.

    • #29907
      William Bryant

      Sorry for butting in… Does Dr Kang cut any nerves?

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